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Adena Culture

Who were the Adena people?

     The Adena Indian mounds are located in Ashland, Kentucky in Central Park right next to Crabbe Elementary.

The Adena people lived from approximately 500 B.C. to 100 A.D.  The Adena people were some of the first who came to America. They lived in the area from Indiana to New York and from central Ohio south down to Kentucky. The prehistoric hunters and gathers eventually became the first farmers of Ohio. They were growing sunflowers, squash, and other plants. They made clay pots and used them for cooking and storage.

The Adena created the mounds to be ceremonial, burial and historical landmarks. The ancient mounds were layers upon layers of elite deceased members of their culture. Over the years artifacts like ceremonial items and tools were buried with the deceased.


Most experts think that the Indian Mounds in Central Park no longer actually contain any artifacts because they were partially disturbed and then rebuilt in the early 1900’s. The City Park Board of Ashland, Kentucky protects and maintains the Indian Mounds. They have been on the National Register of Historic Places since 1970’s.